Standard Article

Adaptation to Acceleration Environments

Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology

  1. Russell R. Burton1,
  2. Arthur H. Smith2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp040240

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Burton, R. R. and Smith, A. H. 2011. Adaptation to Acceleration Environments. Comprehensive Physiology. 943–970.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas, Armstrong

  2. 2

    University of California, Davis, Davis, California

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Physics of Acceleration
    • 1.1
      Interaction of Forces and Mass
    • 1.2
      Acceleration of Circular Motion (Physics of the Centrifuge)
    • 1.3
      Acceleration without Inducing Weight
    • 1.4
      Acceleration of Aircraft
    • 1.5
      Acceleration of Rockets
  • 2
    Research Centrifuges
    • 2.1
      Sustained-G Centrifuges
    • 2.2
      Chronic-G Centrifuges
  • 3
    Acceleration Nomenclature
  • 4
    Sustained G
    • 4.1
      High Sustained G (HSG)
    • 4.2
      Cardiovascular Accommodation to +Gz
    • 4.3
      Neurologic Accommodation to +Gz
    • 4.4
      Lung and Respiration Accommodation to +Gz
    • 4.5
      Physiological Accommodation to -Gz ±Gx and +Gy
    • 4.6
      G Tolerances
    • 4.7
      Adaptation to Sustained G
    • 4.8
      Cross Adaptation
    • 4.9
      Natural Bases for Sustained-G Homeostasis
  • 5
    Chronic G
    • 5.1
      Adaptation Process
    • 5.2
      Structural and Functional Changes
    • 5.3
      Adaptation to Hypo- and Hypergravity Fields
    • 5.4
      Utilization of Gravitational G in Space
  • 6
    Conclusion