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Gas Physiology in Diving

Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology

  1. Claes E. G Lundgren1,
  2. Andrea Harabin2,
  3. Peter B Bennett3,
  4. Hugh D Van Liew4,
  5. Edward D Thalmann5

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp040243

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Lundgren, C. E. G., Harabin, A., Bennett, P. B., Van Liew, H. D. and Thalmann, E. D. 2011. Gas Physiology in Diving. Comprehensive Physiology. 999–1019.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Center for Research and Education in Special Environments, University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York

  2. 2

    Naval Medical Research Institute, Bethesda, Maryland

  3. 3

    Hyperbaric Center and Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

  4. 4

    Department of Physiology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York

  5. 5

    Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine and F. G. Hall Hypo/Hyperbaric Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Breathing under water: Ventilatory needs1
    • 1.1
      Effects of Gas Compression
    • 1.2
      CO2 Elimination
  • 2
    The need for pressure balance
    • 2.1
      Respiratory Problems
    • 2.2
      Cardiovascular Aspects
    • 2.3
      Ventilation–Perfusion Matching
  • 3
    External breathing impediment
    • 3.1
      Dyspnea and CO2 Exchange
  • 4
    Barotrauma of the lung
  • 5
    Oxygen Toxicity2
    • 5.1
      Physiological Response to O2 Breathing
    • 5.2
      Toxic Effects: Pulmonary
    • 5.3
      Toxic Effects: Central Nervous System
    • 5.4
      Modulation of Toxicity
    • 5.5
      Mechanism of O2 Toxicity
  • 6
    Nitrogen narcosis3
    • 6.1
      Signs and Symptoms
    • 6.2
      Causes and Mechanisms
    • 6.3
      Adaptation
  • 7
    Physics of bubble formation4
    • 7.1
      Diffusion Equations
    • 7.2
      Surface Tension
    • 7.3
      Growth and Decay of a Preformed Bubble
    • 7.4
      Nucleus to Bubble
  • 8
    Decompression5