Standard Article

Circadian Rhythms

Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology

  1. Fred W. Turek,
  2. Olivier Van Reeth

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp040258

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Turek, F. W. and Reeth, O. V. 2011. Circadian Rhythms. Comprehensive Physiology. 1329–1359.

Author Information

  1. Department of Neurobiology and Physiology, and Center for Circadian Biology and Medicine, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Generation and Entrainment of Circadian Rhythms
    • 1.1
      Endogenous Self-Sustained Clocks Drive Circadian Rhythms
    • 1.2
      Entrainment of Circadian Clocks: Control of Period and Phase
  • 2
    Circadian Pacemakers: The Executive Clock in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
    • 2.1
      The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus of the Hypothalamus
    • 2.2
      The Multioscillatory Nature of the Mammalian Circadian Clock System
    • 2.3
      Nature of Circadian Code from SCN
  • 3
    Genetic Basis
    • 3.1
      Inbred Strains
    • 3.2
      Twin Studies
    • 3.3
      A Mammalian Clock Mutation
  • 4
    Ontogeny of Circadian Rhythms
    • 4.1
      Development of Clock and Expression of Circadian Rhythms
    • 4.2
      Aging of the Circadian Clock System
  • 5
    Adaptive Significance
    • 5.1
      External Synchronization
    • 5.2
      Internal Synchronization
  • 6
    Role of Circadian Clock in Expression of Other Biological Rhythms
    • 6.1
      Ultradian Rhythms
    • 6.2
      Infradian Rhythms
    • 6.3
      Annual Rhythms
  • 7
    Summary
  • 8
    Note Added in Proof