Standard Article

Human Adaptation to Energy Undernutrition

Handbook of Physiology, Environmental Physiology

  1. N. G. Norgan1,
  2. A. Ferro-Luzzi2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp040261

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Norgan, N. G. and Ferro-Luzzi, A. 2011. Human Adaptation to Energy Undernutrition. Comprehensive Physiology. 1391–1409.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Human Sciences, University of Technology, Loughborough, United Kingdom

  2. 2

    Istituto Nazionale della Nutrizione, Rome, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Energy Undernutrition and Adaptation
    • 1.1
      Energy Undernutrition
    • 1.2
      Adaptation to Energy Undernutrition
  • 2
    Physiological Adaptation
    • 2.1
      Biochemical Changes
    • 2.2
      Body Weight and Composition Changes
    • 2.3
      Energy Expenditure
  • 3
    Functional Consequences
    • 3.1
      Reproduction and Fertility
    • 3.2
      Pregnancy and Lactation
    • 3.3
      Growth and Adolescence
    • 3.4
      Infection and Disease
    • 3.5
      Physical Working Capacity
    • 3.6
      Work Output and Productivity
  • 4
    Behavioral Strategies: Household and Community Responses and Strategies
  • 5
    Genetic Adaptation to Undernutrition
  • 6
    Conclusions