Standard Article

Pathways of glucose metabolism

Handbook of Physiology, Adipose Tissue

  1. Bernard R. Landau1,‡,
  2. Joseph Katz2,‡

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp050125

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Landau, B. R. and Katz, J. 2011. Pathways of glucose metabolism. Comprehensive Physiology. 253–272.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio

  2. 2

    Cedars of Lebanon Hospital, Los Angeles, California

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Principles and Methods
    • 1.1
      Reactions of Glucose Metabolism
    • 1.2
      Reactions of the Embden-Meyerhof Pathway
    • 1.3
      Reactions of the Pentose Cycle
    • 1.4
      Model of Glucose Metabolism
    • 1.5
      Importance of Equilibration of Hexose-6-Phosphates and Triose Phosphates
    • 1.6
      Methods for the Estimation of Pathways When Equilibrations Are Complete
    • 1.7
      Effect of Incomplete Equilibration of Hexose-6-Phosphates
    • 1.8
      Effect of Incomplete Equilibration of Triose Phosphates
    • 1.9
      Effect of the Transaldolase Reactions
    • 1.10
      Introduction of the Glucuronic Acid Pathway
    • 1.11
      Reactions of the Glucuronic Acid Pathway
    • 1.12
      Fate of the Hydrogens of Glucose
    • 1.13
      Assumptions and Limitations
  • 2
    Applications
    • 2.1
      Contribution of the Pentose Cycle
    • 2.2
      Rate of Isomerization of Hexose-6-P
    • 2.3
      Rate of Isomerization of Triose Phosphate
    • 2.4
      Extent of Transaldolase Reactions
    • 2.5
      Contributions of the Glucuronic Acid Pathway
    • 2.6
      Carbon and Reduced Pyridine Nucleotide Balance
    • 2.7
      Sources of the Hydrogens of Fatty Acids
  • 3
    Summary