Standard Article

Electrophysiology of the gastric musculature

Handbook of Physiology, The Gastrointestinal System, Motility and Circulation

  1. Kenton M. Sanders,
  2. Nelson G. Publicover

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp060105

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Sanders, K. M. and Publicover, N. G. 2011. Electrophysiology of the gastric musculature. Comprehensive Physiology. 187–216.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Reno, Nevada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Resting Membrane Potential
    • 1.1
      Contribution of Diffusion Potential
    • 1.2
      Contribution of Electrogenic Pumps
  • 2
    Excitable Events in Gastric Muscles
    • 2.1
      Gastric Slow Waves
    • 2.2
      Action Potentials
    • 2.3
      Electrical Arrhythmias
    • 2.4
      Electrical Events of Fundus
    • 2.5
      Electrical Activity of Muscularis Mucosa
    • 2.6
      Electrical Activity of Amphibian Stomach
  • 3
    Excitation-Contraction Coupling
    • 3.1
      Mechanical Threshold
    • 3.2
      Anatomical Variation of Voltage-Tension Relationship
    • 3.3
      Voltage Dependence of Ca2+ Channels
  • 4
    Electropharmacology of Endogenous Substances
    • 4.1
      Adrenergic Agonists
    • 4.2
      Cholinergic Agonists
    • 4.3
      Peptides
    • 4.4
      Prostaglandins
  • 5
    Propagation of Electrical Events
    • 5.1
      Cell-to-Cell Coupling
    • 5.2
      Passive Characteristics of Gastric Syncytium
    • 5.3
      Measurements of Conduction Velocity
    • 5.4
      Use of Conduction- Velocity Measurements to Determine Site of Slow-Wave Origin
    • 5.5
      Myogenic Regulation of Propagation
  • 6
    Models of Excitability and Propagation
    • 6.1
      Relaxation-Oscillator Models
    • 6.2
      Cable Models
  • 7
    Directions for Future Research