Standard Article

Electrophysiology of colonic smooth muscle

Handbook of Physiology, The Gastrointestinal System, Motility and Circulation

  1. Kenton M. Sander,
  2. Terence K. Smith

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp060107

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Sander, K. M. and Smith, T. K. 2011. Electrophysiology of colonic smooth muscle. Comprehensive Physiology. 251–271.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Reno, Nevada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Resting Membrane Potential
    • 1.1
      Reported Values for Resting Membrane Potential
    • 1.2
      Contribution of Electrogenic Pump to Resting Potential
  • 2
    Excitable Events in Colonic Muscles
    • 2.1
      Slow Electrical Oscillations
    • 2.2
      Slow Waves
    • 2.3
      Myenteric Potential Oscillations
    • 2.4
      Action Potentials
  • 3
    Excitation-Contraction Coupling
  • 4
    Electropharmacology of Endogenous Substances
    • 4.1
      Cholinergic Agonists
    • 4.2
      Adrenergic Agonists
    • 4.3
      Peptides
    • 4.4
      Paracrine Substances
    • 4.5
      Effects of Spontaneous Neural Activity and Transmural and Extrinsic Nerve Stimulation
  • 5
    Propagation of Electrical Events
    • 5.1
      Electrical Coupling in Colonic Muscles
    • 5.2
      Propagation of Slow Waves
    • 5.3
      Propagation of Myenteric Potential Oscillations
    • 5.4
      Electrical Coupling Between Circular and Longitudinal Muscle Layers
    • 5.5
      Propagation of Fast Transients and Action Potentials
  • 6
    Summary