Standard Article

Neurotransmitter release in the enteric nervous system

Handbook of Physiology, The Gastrointestinal System, Motility and Circulation

  1. William M. Yau

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp060112

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Yau, W. M. 2011. Neurotransmitter release in the enteric nervous system. Comprehensive Physiology. 403–433.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Carbondale, Illinois

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Neurotransmitter Versus Neuromodulator
  • 2
    Mechanism of Release
    • 2.1
      Vesicular Release Mechanism
    • 2.2
      Nonvesicular Hypothesis
    • 2.3
      Nonsynaptic Transmitter Release
  • 3
    Modulation of Transmitter Release
    • 3.1
      Presynaptic Modulation
    • 3.2
      Activation of Intracellular Control Systems
  • 4
    Enteric Cholinergic System
    • 4.1
      Factors Regulating Acetylcholine Release
  • 5
    Neuro Active Peptides and their Modulation of Acetylcholine Release
    • 5.1
      Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
    • 5.2
      Substance P
    • 5.3
      Somatostatin
    • 5.4
      Cholecystokinin
    • 5.5
      Dynorphins and Enkephalins
    • 5.6
      Other Neuropeptides
  • 6
    General Neuropeptide-Degrading Enzymes
    • 6.1
      Endopeptidase
    • 6.2
      Peptidyl Dipeptidase A
    • 6.3
      Aminopeptidase
    • 6.4
      Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV
    • 6.5
      Acetylcholinesterase
  • 7
    Adrenergic System
    • 7.1
      Factors Regulating Norepinephrine Release
  • 8
    Enteric Synaptosomes
    • 8.1
      Release of Acetylcholine
    • 8.2
      Serotonergic Synaptosomes
    • 8.3
      Noradrenergic Synaptosomes
    • 8.4
      Release of ATP
    • 8.5
      Neuropeptide Synaptic Vesicles