Standard Article

Control centers in the central nervous system for regulating gastrointestinal motility

Handbook of Physiology, The Gastrointestinal System, Motility and Circulation

  1. Richard A. Gillis,
  2. John A. Quest,
  3. Francis D. Pagani,
  4. Wesley P. Norman

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp060117

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Gillis, R. A., Quest, J. A., Pagani, F. D. and Norman, W. P. 2011. Control centers in the central nervous system for regulating gastrointestinal motility. Comprehensive Physiology. 621–683.

Author Information

  1. Departments of Pharmacology and Anatomy, Georgetown University Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, Washington, DC

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Identification with Retrograde Neuronal Tracing Techniques of CNS Centers Influencing GI Motility
    • 1.1
      Parasympathetic Neural Pathways
    • 1.2
      Sympathetic Neural Pathways
    • 1.3
      Sensory Neural Pathways
  • 2
    Stimulation of CNS Centers Identified by Retrograde Neuronal Tracing Techniques
    • 2.1
      Parasympathetic Centers
    • 2.2
      Sympathetic Centers
    • 2.3
      Centers Defined by Tracing Afferent Pathways
  • 3
    Neuroanatomical Description of CNS Centers Influencing GI Motility
    • 3.1
      Parasympathetic Centers
    • 3.2
      Sympathetic Centers
    • 3.3
      Sensory Centers
  • 4
    Neuronal Inputs and Outputs of CNS Centers Influencing GI Motility
    • 4.1
      Parasympathetic Centers
    • 4.2
      Sympathetic Centers
    • 4.3
      Sensory Centers
  • 5
    Stimulation and Lesion of CNS Nuclei Projecting to CNS Sites Influencing GI Motility
    • 5.1
      Cerebral Cortex
    • 5.2
      Amygdala and Bed Nucleus of Stria Terminalis
    • 5.3
      Paraventricular Nucleus of the Hypothalamus
    • 5.4
      Nucleus Tractus Solitarius
    • 5.5
      Medullary Reticular Nuclei
    • 5.6
      Parabrachial Nucleus
    • 5.7
      Inputs to the Spinal Cord
    • 5.8
      Other Sites
  • 6
    Overview of Brain-Gut Neural Circuitry
  • 7
    Role of Brain-Gut Neural Circuitry in Regulation of GI Motility
    • 7.1
      Role of Cerebral Cortex to Nucleus Tractus Solitarius Pathway
    • 7.2
      Role of Pathway from Periventricular area of the Hypothalamus to the Dorsal Motor Nucleus of the Vagus
    • 7.3
      Role of Cerebral Cortex to Onuf's Nucleus Pathway
    • 7.4
      Role of Spinal Reflex Involving Afferent Fibers in the Pudendal Nerve and Onuf's Nucleus and Efferent Fibers in the Pudendal Nerve
    • 7.5
      Role of Sympathetic Centers in the Spinal Cord
    • 7.6
      Role of Retrofacial Nucleus, Nucleus Ambiguus, and Dorsal Motor Nucleus of Vagus Pathways to Upper and Lower Esophageal Sphincters
    • 7.7
      Role of Afferent Fibers in Vagus Nerve, Nucleus Tractus Solitarius, and Neurons in Dorsal Motor Nucleus of the Vagus in Receptive Relaxation
  • 8
    Concepts Emerging from Studies of Control Centers