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Esophageal motility

Handbook of Physiology, The Gastrointestinal System, Motility and Circulation

  1. Raj K. Goyal,
  2. William G. Paterson

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp060122

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Goyal, R. K. and Paterson, W. G. 2011. Esophageal motility. Comprehensive Physiology. 865–908.

Author Information

  1. Charles A. Dana Institute and Thorndike Laboratory, Harvard Digestive Disease Center, Division of Gastroenterology, Beth Israel Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Overview of Esophageal Motor Function
    • 1.1
      General Anatomy
    • 1.2
      Innervation of Esophagus and Sphincters
    • 1.3
      Deglutition Reflex
    • 1.4
      Methods of Study
  • 2
    Upper Esophageal Sphincter
    • 2.1
      Anatomy
    • 2.2
      Pressure Profile
    • 2.3
      Control of Upper Esophageal Sphincter
  • 3
    Esophageal Body
    • 3.1
      Muscular Anatomy
    • 3.2
      Pressure Profile
    • 3.3
      Central Control of Esophageal Peristalsis
    • 3.4
      Peripheral Control of Esophageal Peristalsis
    • 3.5
      Peripheral Control of Peristalsis in Esophageal Smooth Muscle
    • 3.6
      Peristalsis in the Junctional Zone
    • 3.7
      Role of Longitudinal Muscle Layer and Muscularis Mucosa in Peristalsis
  • 4
    Lower Esophageal Sphincter
    • 4.1
      Muscular Anatomy
    • 4.2
      Pressure Profile
    • 4.3
      Genesis of Basal Sphincter Pressure
    • 4.4
      Genesis of Lower Esophageal Sphincter Muscle tone
    • 4.5
      Modulation of Resting Pressure in Lower Esophageal Sphincter
    • 4.6
      Reflex Relaxation of Lower Esophageal Sphincter
    • 4.7
      Neurotransmitters of Inhibitory Pathways to Lower Esophageal Sphincter
    • 4.8
      Reflex Contractions of the Lower Esophageal Sphincter