Standard Article

Determinants of gastric emptying and transit in the small intestine

Handbook of Physiology, The Gastrointestinal System, Motility and Circulation

  1. Juan-R. Malagelada,
  2. Fernando Azpiroz

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp060123

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Malagelada, J.-R. and Azpiroz, F. 2011. Determinants of gastric emptying and transit in the small intestine. Comprehensive Physiology. 909–937.

Author Information

  1. Division of Gastroenterology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011


The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Functional Division of Stomach
    • 1.1
      Methodological Aspects: Interrelationships Among Parietal Force and Manometric and Electrical Measurements of Gastric Motility
  • 2
    Gastrointestinal Motility During Interdigestive Period
    • 2.1
      Interdigestive Motor Pattern of Stomach
    • 2.2
      Interrelationships Between Gastric Motility, Secretion, and Clearance of Duodenogastric Reflux During Interdigestive Period
  • 3
    Gastrointestinal Response to A Meal
    • 3.1
    • 3.2
      Early Postcibal Period
    • 3.3
      Plateau Phase
    • 3.4
      Declining Phase and Transition to Interdigestive Activity
  • 4
    Gastric Emptying Profile
  • 5
    Relationships among Gastric Emptying, Motility, and Structure: Mechanics of Gastric Emptying
    • 5.1
      Preliminary Processing: Antropyloric Grinder
    • 5.2
      Emptying Function
  • 6
    Effects of Gravity and Body Position on Gastric Emptying
  • 7
    Regulation of Gastric Emptying
    • 7.1
      Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Meals That Influence their Emptying From Stomach
    • 7.2
      Interactions Between Gastric Emptying and Gastric Secretion
  • 8
    Intestinal Motility and its Relationship to Luminal Flow and Absorption
  • 9
    Physiological Measurement of Transit In Small Bowel
  • 10
    Effect of Opiates and Sex Hormones on Intestinal Motility and Transit
  • 11
    Control of Gastrointestinal Motility: Physiological and Pathophysiological Implications for Gastric Motility and Intestinal Transit
    • 11.1
      Control at Level of Gut Smooth Muscle
    • 11.2
      Control at Level of Gut Intrinsic and Extrinsic Nervous Systems
    • 11.3
      Hormonal Control
    • 11.4
      Control at Cerebral Level