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Sphincteric function

Handbook of Physiology, The Gastrointestinal System, Motility and Circulation

  1. Maria Papasova

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp060126

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Papasova, M. 2011. Sphincteric function. Comprehensive Physiology. 987–1023.

Author Information

  1. Institute of Physiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Upper Esophageal Sphincter
  • 2
    Lower Esophageal Sphincter
    • 2.1
      Innervation
    • 2.2
      Functional Characteristics
    • 2.3
      Basal tone
    • 2.4
      Effect of Neurotransmitters on Lower Esophageal Sphincter tone
    • 2.5
      Role of Humoral and Hormonal Factors in Lower Esophageal Sphincter Regulation
  • 3
    Pyloric Sphincter
    • 3.1
      Anatomy and Innervation
    • 3.2
      Functional Characteristics
    • 3.3
      Regulation of Pyloric Sphincter
  • 4
    Ileocecal Sphincter
    • 4.1
      Anatomy and Innervation
    • 4.2
      Functional Characteristics
    • 4.3
      Regulation of Ileocecal Sphincter
  • 5
    Anal Sphincter
    • 5.1
      Anatomy and Innervation
    • 5.2
      Internal Anal Sphincter
  • 6
    Conclusion