Standard Article

Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide

Handbook of Physiology, The Gastrointestinal System, Neural and Endocrine Biology

  1. Jan Fahrenkrug

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp060225

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Fahrenkrug, J. 2011. Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide. Comprehensive Physiology. 611–629.

Author Information

  1. Department of Clinical Chemistry, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Isolation of Porcine VIP and PHI
  • 2
    Amino Acid Sequence of VIP and PHI
  • 3
    Radioimmunoassay of VIP/PHI
  • 4
    Distribution and Location of VIP
    • 4.1
      Gastrointestinal Tract
    • 4.2
      Pancreas
    • 4.3
      Other Exocrine Glands
    • 4.4
      Endocrine Organs
    • 4.5
      Respiratory Tract
    • 4.6
      Genitourinary Tract
    • 4.7
      Cardiovascular System
    • 4.8
      Central Nervous System
    • 4.9
      Peripheral Ganglia and Nerves
    • 4.10
      Subcellular Distribution of VIP
  • 5
    Coexistence of VIP and Acetylcholine
  • 6
    Distribution of PHI/PHM: Coexistence with VIP
  • 7
    Pharmacological Effects of VIP/PHI
  • 8
    Release and Physiological Function of VIP/PHI
    • 8.1
      Salivary Glands
    • 8.2
      Esophagus
    • 8.3
      Stomach
    • 8.4
      Small and Large Intestines
    • 8.5
      Pancreas
    • 8.6
      Other Organs
  • 9
    Corelease of VIP, PHI, and Acetylcholine: Physiological Implications