Standard Article

Cellular Localization of Receptors Mediating the Actions of Steroid Hormones

Handbook of Physiology, The Endocrine System, Cellular Endocrinology

  1. Barbara M. Judy,
  2. Wade V. Welshons

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp070117

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Judy, B. M. and Welshons, W. V. 2011. Cellular Localization of Receptors Mediating the Actions of Steroid Hormones. Comprehensive Physiology. 437–460.

Author Information

  1. University of Missouri-Columbia, Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Columbia, Missouri

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Nuclear Localization of Most Unliganded Steroid Receptors
    • 1.1
      Basis for the Initial Two-Step Translocation Model of Steroid Action and Location
    • 1.2
      Current Nuclear Localization Model for Most Steroid Receptors
    • 1.3
      Glucocorticoid Receptor Localization
  • 2
    Nuclear Import and Export of Steroid Receptors
    • 2.1
      Entry of Proteins Into the Nucleus
    • 2.2
      Nuclear Localization Signals
    • 2.3
      Mechanism of Nuclear Import
    • 2.4
      Nuclear Export and Nucleocytoplasmic Shuttling
    • 2.5
      Conclusions
  • 3
    Alternate Steroid Receptors and Nongenomic Steroid Responses
    • 3.1
      Estrogen Receptor-β
    • 3.2
      Glucocorticoids
    • 3.3
      Mineralocorticoids
    • 3.4
      Progesterone
    • 3.5
      Estrogen
    • 3.6
      1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
    • 3.7
      Testosterone
  • 4
    Conclusions