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Autocrine/Paracrine Intermediates in Hormonal Action and Modulation of Cellular Responses to Hormones

Handbook of Physiology, The Endocrine System, Cellular Endocrinology

  1. Carl Denef

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp070118

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Denef, C. 2011. Autocrine/Paracrine Intermediates in Hormonal Action and Modulation of Cellular Responses to Hormones. Comprehensive Physiology. 461–514.

Author Information

  1. Laboratory of Cell Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Methods to Explore Local Control
  • 2
    Local Control in the Anterior Pituitary
    • 2.1
      Evidence for Intercellular Communication in the Anterior Pituitary
    • 2.2
      Putative Paracrine Factors
  • 3
    Local Control in the Adrenal Cortex and Medulla
    • 3.1
      Morphological Correlates of Medulla–Cortex Interactions
    • 3.2
      Putative Paracrine and Autocrine Factors in the Medulla
    • 3.3
      Putative Paracrine and Autocrine Factors in the Adrenal Cortex
  • 4
    Local Control in the Testis
    • 4.1
      Evidence for Functional Interaction Between Different Testicular Cell Types
    • 4.2
      Local Control by Steroids
    • 4.3
      Local Control by Regulatory Peptides
    • 4.4
      Local Control by Biogenic Amines and Nitrous Oxide
    • 4.5
      Local Control by Polypeptide Growth Factors
    • 4.6
      Local Control by Substances From Testicular Macrophages
  • 5
    Local Control in the Ovary
    • 5.1
      Evidence for Functional Interaction Between Thecal Cells and Granulosa Cells
    • 5.2
      Local Control by Steroids
    • 5.3
      Local Control by Regulatory Peptides
    • 5.4
      Opioid Peptides
    • 5.5
      Local Control by Polypeptide Growth Factors
  • 6
    Paracrine Factors Mediating Actions of Thyroid and Steroid Hormones
  • 7
    Local Control in Pancreatic Endocrine Cells
    • 7.1
      Are Insulin, Glucagon, Somatostatin, and Pancreatic Polypeptide Paracrine and Autocrine Factors in the Pancreatic Islets?
    • 7.2
      Local Control by Other Regulatory Peptides
    • 7.3
      Local Control by Biogenic Amines
    • 7.4
      Local Control by Polypeptide Growth Factors
  • 8
    Local Control in the Thyroid Gland
    • 8.1
      Local Control by Regulatory Peptides
    • 8.2
      Local Control by Polypeptide Growth Factors
  • 9
    Local Control in the Parathyroid Gland