Standard Article

Starvation

Handbook of Physiology, The Endocrine System, The Endocrine Pancreas and Regulation of Metabolism

  1. Oliver E. Owen1,
  2. Karl J. Smalley2,
  3. Robert L. Jungas3

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp070239

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Owen, O. E., Smalley, K. J. and Jungas, R. L. 2011. Starvation. Comprehensive Physiology. 1199–1225.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Lankenau Hospital and Medical Research Center, Jefferson Health System, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania

  2. 2

    Kimmel Cancer Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  3. 3

    Department of Physiology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Fundamental Principles and Observations of Bioenergetics
  • 2
    Epidemiology
  • 3
    Weight Loss, Body Composition and Energy Requirements During Food Deprivation
  • 4
    Urinary Excretory Products During Total Starvation
  • 5
    General Metabolism During Starvation
    • 5.1
      Anaplerosis and Cataplerosis
    • 5.2
      Gluconeogenesis, Ketogenesis, Ureagenesis, Ammoniagenesis and Acid-Base Balance
    • 5.3
      Minimum Protein, Fat and Glucose Requirements
  • 6
    Endocrine Signals
    • 6.1
      Insulin
    • 6.2
      Glucagon
    • 6.3
      Catecholamines
    • 6.4
      lodothyronines
    • 6.5
      Growth Hormone, Insulin-like Growth Factor and Cortisol
    • 6.6
      Leptin and Neuroendocrine Factors
  • 7
    Clinical Observations