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Endocrine Control of Potassium Balance

Handbook of Physiology, The Endocrine System, Endocrine Regulation of Water and Electrolyte Balance

  1. David B. Young1,
  2. Richard D. McCabe2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp070308

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Young, D. B. and McCabe, R. D. 2011. Endocrine Control of Potassium Balance. Comprehensive Physiology. 306–330.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Jackson, Mississippi

  2. 2

    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Osteopathic Medicine and Health Sciences, Des Moines, Iowa

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Potassium Transport Along the Nephron
  • 2
    Aldosterone: Cellular Mechanisms of Action
    • 2.1
      Aldosterone Receptors
    • 2.2
      Energetics
    • 2.3
      Sodium Conductance
    • 2.4
      Hydrogen Ion Transport
    • 2.5
      Potassium Transport
    • 2.6
      Sodium–Potassium-Adenosine Triphosphatase
    • 2.7
      Chloride Transport
  • 3
    Long-Term Actions of Aldosterone
    • 3.1
      Potassium Excretion
    • 3.2
      Potassium Distribution
  • 4
    Other Hormonal and Nonhormonal Factors that may Affect Potassium Excretion and Distribution
    • 4.1
      Sodium Intake and Excretion
    • 4.2
      Epinephrine
    • 4.3
      Norepinephrine
    • 4.4
      Vasopressin
    • 4.5
      Insulin
    • 4.6
      Angiotensin
    • 4.7
      Thyroxin
  • 5
    Regulation of Aldosterone Secretion
  • 6
    Quantitative Assessments of the Participation of Aldosterone in Potassium Regulation
    • 6.1
      Changes in Potassium Intake
    • 6.2
      Change in Sodium Intake
    • 6.3
      Changes in Aldosterone or Mineralocorticoid Activity
    • 6.4
      Potassium Regulation over Combined Ranges of Sodium and Potassium Intake
  • 7
    Conclusion