Standard Article

Vitamin D

Handbook of Physiology, The Endocrine System, Endocrine Regulation of Water and Electrolyte Balance

  1. Helen L. Henry

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp070318

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Henry, H. L. 2011. Vitamin D. Comprehensive Physiology. 699–718.

Author Information

  1. Department of Biochemistry, University of California, Riverside, California

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Metabolism of Vitamin D
    • 1.1
      Synthesis of Vitamin D
    • 1.2
      Synthesis of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3
    • 1.3
      Synthesis of the Dihydroxylated Metabolites of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3
    • 1.4
      24R,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
    • 1.5
      Regulation of Hydroxylation of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 in the Kidney
    • 1.6
      Catabolism of Vitamin D Metabolites
    • 1.7
      Vitamin D Binding Protein
  • 2
    Actions of 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
    • 2.1
      Intestine
    • 2.2
      Bone
    • 2.3
      Kidney
    • 2.4
      Parathyroid Gland
    • 2.5
      Growth and Differentiation
    • 2.6
      Immune System
  • 3
    Mechanisms of 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 Action
    • 3.1
      Genomic
    • 3.2
      Rapid Actions
  • 4
    Biological Activity of 24R,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3