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Sympathetic Nervous System Physiology and Pathophysiology in Coping with the Environment

Handbook of Physiology, The Endocrine System, Coping with the Environment: Neural and Endocrine Mechanisms

  1. David S. Goldstein,
  2. Graeme Eisenhofer

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp070402

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Goldstein, D. S. and Eisenhofer, G. 2011. Sympathetic Nervous System Physiology and Pathophysiology in Coping with the Environment. Comprehensive Physiology. 21–43.

Author Information

  1. Clinical Neurocardiology section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Homeostatic Systems and Principles of Their Operation
    • 1.1
      Negative Feedback
    • 1.2
      Multiple Effectors and Effector Sharing
    • 1.3
      Resetting
  • 2
    Physiology of the Sympathetic Nervous System
    • 2.1
      Sympathetic Nerve Function
  • 3
    Sympathetic Nervous System Responses in Coping with the External and Internal Environment
    • 3.1
      Ontogeny
    • 3.2
      Changes in Sympathetic Function with Normal Aging
    • 3.3
      Circadian Rhythms
    • 3.4
      Orthostasis and Weightlessness
    • 3.5
      Exercise
    • 3.6
      Mental Challenge or Active Attention
    • 3.7
      Metabolism and Energy Balance
  • 4
    Sympathetic Function in Disease States
    • 4.1
      Sympathetic Neurocirculatory Dysfunction or Failure
    • 4.2
      Myocardial Ischemia and Infarction
    • 4.3
      Congestive Heart Failure
    • 4.4
      Other Conditions
  • 5
    Conclusion