- 1.1Varieties of Hierarchical Ranking Systems among Mammals
- 1.2What Is Stressful about Having a Particular Social Rank in a Hierarchy?
Physiological and Pathophysiological Implications of Social Stress in Mammals
Handbook of Physiology, The Endocrine System, Coping with the Environment: Neural and Endocrine Mechanisms
Published Online: 1 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2010 American Physiological Society. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Sapolsky, R. M. 2011. Physiological and Pathophysiological Implications of Social Stress in Mammals. Comprehensive Physiology. 517–532.
- Published Online: 1 JAN 2011
The sections in this article are:
- 1Social Subordinance as an Environmental Stressor
- 2The Adrenocortical Axis
- 3Cardiovascular Function and Disease
- 4Reproductive Physiology
- 6Limits to the Importance of Rank
- 6.1The Societal Context of Rank
- 6.2The Personal Experience of Rank
- 7Conclusions and Relevance to Humans