Standard Article

Ion and Water Transport in Toad Urinary Epithelia in Vitro

Handbook of Physiology, Renal Physiology

  1. Anthony D. C. MacKnight

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp080107

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

MacKnight, A. D. C. 2011. Ion and Water Transport in Toad Urinary Epithelia in Vitro. Comprehensive Physiology. 271–321.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Structure of Toad Urinary Bladder
  • 2
    Ion Movements Across Epithelium
    • 2.1
      Apical Plasma Membrane
    • 2.2
      What ore the occurrence and characteristics of individual channels?
    • 2.3
      Basolateral Plasma Membrane
    • 2.4
      Paracellular Pathway
    • 2.5
      Representations of Transepithelial Transport
    • 2.6
      Membrane Potentials
  • 3
    Water Movements Across Epithelium
  • 4
    Composition of Epithelial Cells
    • 4.1
      Sodium
    • 4.2
      Potassium
    • 4.3
      Chloride
    • 4.4
      Calcium
    • 4.5
      pH
  • 5
    Metabolism and Transepithelial Transport
  • 6
    Regulation and Control of Transepithelial Transport and of Cell Composition
  • 7
    Hormonal Control of Transepithelial Transport
  • 8
    Summary