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Urinary Concentration and Dilution: Physiology

Handbook of Physiology, Renal Physiology

  1. Rex L. Jamison1,
  2. James J. Gehrig Jr.2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp080227

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Jamison, R. L. and Gehrig, J. J. 2011. Urinary Concentration and Dilution: Physiology. Comprehensive Physiology. 1219–1279.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California

  2. 2

    Department of Medicine, Nephrology Unit, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Control of Water Balance
    • 1.1
      General Principles
    • 1.2
      Regulation of Water Intake: Thirst
    • 1.3
      Regulation of Water Excretion: Antidiuretic Hormone
    • 1.4
      Hormones Other Than Arginine Vasopressin That Affect Urinary Water Excretion
    • 1.5
      Prostaglandins
  • 2
    Architecture of the Medulla
    • 2.1
      Nephrons and Collecting Ducts
    • 2.2
      Circulation
    • 2.3
      Topography of the Renal Medulla
  • 3
    Mass Balance and the Countercurrent Principle
    • 3.1
      Osmotic Gradient in the Medulla
    • 3.2
      Mass Balance for Water and Solute
    • 3.3
      Countercurrent Multiplication
  • 4
    Permeability and Transport Properties of the Renal Tubule Beyond the Pars Recta
    • 4.1
      Thin Descending Limb
    • 4.2
      Thin Ascending Limb
    • 4.3
      Thick Ascending Limb
    • 4.4
      Distal Tubule and Connecting Tubule
    • 4.5
      Collecting Tubule
  • 5
    Intracellular Osmoregulation
  • 6
    Microcirculation of the Renal Medulla
    • 6.1
      Countercurrent Exchange
    • 6.2
      Fluid Removal from the Medulla
    • 6.3
      Medullary Blood Flow
    • 6.4
      Regulation of Medullary Circulation
    • 6.5
      Summary of Role of Vasa Recta
  • 7
    Renal Pelvis
    • 7.1
      Structure
    • 7.2
      Mechanical Function: Peristalsis and Reflux
    • 7.3
      Water and Solute Exchange in the Renal Pelvis