Standard Article

Renal Tubular Transport of Calcium

Handbook of Physiology, Renal Physiology

  1. Linda S. Costanzo1,
  2. Erich E. Windhager2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp080236

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Costanzo, L. S. and Windhager, E. E. 2011. Renal Tubular Transport of Calcium. Comprehensive Physiology. 1759–1783.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia

  2. 2

    Department of Physiology, Cornell University Medical College, New York, New York

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Calcium Handling in the Nephron
    • 1.1
      Glomerular Filtration
    • 1.2
      Proximal Tubule
    • 1.3
      Thick Ascending Limb of Henle's Loop
    • 1.4
      Distal Tubule
  • 2
    Regulation of Renal Tubular Calcium Transport
    • 2.1
      Extracellular Fluid Volume
    • 2.2
      Hypercalcemia
    • 2.3
      Phosphate Depletion
    • 2.4
      Acid-Base Balance
    • 2.5
      Parathyroid Hormone
    • 2.6
      Calcitonin
    • 2.7
      Vitamin D
    • 2.8
      Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
    • 2.9
      Loop Diuretics
    • 2.10
      Thiazide Diuretics
    • 2.11
      Potassium-Sparing Diuretics (Amiloride)
  • 3
    Cellular Mechanisms of Transepithelial Calcium Transport
    • 3.1
      Measurement of Cytosolic Calcium Ion Concentration: Methodology
    • 3.2
      Cytosolic Calcium Ion Concentrations in Renal Epithelial Cells
    • 3.3
      Regulation of Cytosolic Ca2+ Activity
    • 3.4
      Mechanisms of Transmembrane Calcium Transfer
  • 4
    Effects of Calcium on Renal Epithelial Transport
    • 4.1
      Effects of Changes in Cytosolic Calcium on Renal Sodium Transport
    • 4.2
      Role of Cytosolic Calcium in the Hydrosmotic Response to Vasopressin
  • 5
    Summary