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Phosphate Homeostasis

Handbook of Physiology, Renal Physiology

  1. Vincent W. Dennis

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp080237

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Dennis, V. W. 2011. Phosphate Homeostasis. Comprehensive Physiology. 1785–1815.

Author Information

  1. Division of Nephrology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Phosphate Regulation
  • 2
    Plasma Phosphate Concentration
  • 3
    Renal Handling of Phosphate
    • 3.1
      Ulfrafilterability of Plasma Phosphate
    • 3.2
      Localization and Direction of Phosphate Transport
    • 3.3
      Heterogeneity of Phosphate Transport Rates
    • 3.4
      Secretion of Phosphate
  • 4
    Cellular Mechanisms of Phosphate Transport
    • 4.1
      Phosphate Entry
    • 4.2
      Phosphate Exit
    • 4.3
      Intracellular Conditions
    • 4.4
      Intracellular Mediators and Regulators of Phosphate Transport
    • 4.5
      Interactions between Phosphate Transport and Cellular Metabolism
    • 4.6
      Metabolic Requirement for Inorganic Phosphate
  • 5
    Regulation of Phosphate Excretion
    • 5.1
      Dietary Adaptation
    • 5.2
      Parathyroid Hormone
    • 5.3
      Vitamin D Metabolites
    • 5.4
      Thyroid Hormone
    • 5.5
      Calcitonin
    • 5.6
      Somatotropin (Growth Hormone)
    • 5.7
      Insulin
    • 5.8
      Catecholamines
    • 5.9
      Atrial Natriuretic Peptides
    • 5.10
      Vasopressin
    • 5.11
      Glucagon
    • 5.12
      Glucocorticoids
  • 6
    Nonhormonal Factors Affecting Phosphate
    • 6.1
      Metabolic Acidosis
    • 6.2
      Respiratory Alkalosis
    • 6.3
      Hypercapnea
    • 6.4
      Extracellular Volume Expansion
    • 6.5
      Influence of Calcium on Phosphate Excretion