Standard Article

Bone

Handbook of Physiology, Aging

  1. Dike N. Kalu

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp110116

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Kalu, D. N. 2011. Bone. Comprehensive Physiology. 395–412.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physiology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Bone Composition
  • 2
    Bone Cells
  • 3
    Bone Remodeling
  • 4
    Bone Loss as A Major Occurrence During Aging
  • 5
    Osteoporosis
  • 6
    Parathyroid Hormone, 1,25(OH)2 Vitamin D, and Calcitonin
  • 7
    Altered Calcium Homeostatic Control Hypotheses
  • 8
    Rat Model of Postmenopausal Bone Loss
  • 9
    Altered Hematopoiesis and Local Factor Hypothesis
  • 10
    Risk Factors for Age-Related Bone Loss
    • 10.1
      Peak Bone Mass
    • 10.2
      Exercise
    • 10.3
      Nutrition
    • 10.4
      Smoking, Alcohol, and Caffeine
  • 11
    Estrogen Receptors in Intestinal Cells