Standard Article

Exercise

Handbook of Physiology, Aging

  1. John O. Holloszy,
  2. Wendy M. Kohrt

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp110124

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Holloszy, J. O. and Kohrt, W. M. 2011. Exercise. Comprehensive Physiology. 633–666.

Author Information

  1. Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Exercise and Longevity
    • 1.1
      Insights Regarding the Extension of Longevity by Food Restriction
    • 1.2
      Re-evaluation of the Rate-of-Living Concept
  • 2
    Decline in Maximal Oxygen Uptake Capacity with Aging
    • 2.1
      Decline in inline image in People Who Exercise Regularly
    • 2.2
      Effect of Exercise Training on inline image in Previously Sedentary Elderly Men and Women
    • 2.3
      Effects of Aging and Physical Inactivity on Cardiovascular Function: Role in the Decline in Aerobic Exercise Capacity
    • 2.4
      Effect of Exercise Training on Cardiovascular Function in Elderly People and Rats
    • 2.5
      Role of Skeletal Muscle in the Decline in Aerobic Exercise Capacity
  • 3
    Decline in Muscle Mass and Strength with Aging
    • 3.1
      Studies on Humans
    • 3.2
      Studies on Rats
    • 3.3
      Effects of Strength Training on Muscle Mass and Strength in Old Age
  • 4
    Changes in Body Composition with Aging
    • 4.1
      Age-Related Changes in Weight and Height
    • 4.2
      Age-Related Changes in Fat and Fat-Free Mass
    • 4.3
      Age-Related Changes in Total Body Water
    • 4.4
      Age-Related Changes in Bone Mineral Content
    • 4.5
      Age-Related Changes in Fat Distribution Pattern
  • 5
    Exercise, Aging, and Carbohydrate Metabolism
    • 5.1
      Exercise and Carbohydrate Metabolism
    • 5.2
      Aging and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Rats
    • 5.3
      Aging and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Humans
    • 5.4
      Effects of Exercise on Insulin Resistance and Glucose Tolerance in Older People
  • 6
    Concluding Remarks