Standard Article

Neural Control of Stereotypic Limb Movements

Handbook of Physiology, Exercise: Regulation and Integration of Multiple Systems

  1. Serge Rossignol

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp120105

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Rossignol, S. 2011. Neural Control of Stereotypic Limb Movements. Comprehensive Physiology. 173–216.

Author Information

  1. Center for Research in Neurological Sciences, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Kinematics and Muscle Activity
    • 1.1
      Hindlimb Locomotor Movements
    • 1.2
      Forelimb Locomotor Movements
    • 1.3
      Walking at Different Speeds, Slopes, and Directions
    • 1.4
      Interlimb Coordination
    • 1.5
      Other Stereotypic Movements
  • 2
    Stereotypic Movements in Spinal Animals
    • 2.1
      Stereotypic Movements after Complete Spinal Lesions
    • 2.2
      Stereotypic Movements after Partial Spinal Lesions
    • 2.3
      Pharmacology of Stereotypic Patterns
  • 3
    Central Generation of Stereotypic Patterns
    • 3.1
      Locomotion
    • 3.2
      Interneurons
    • 3.3
      Scratching and Paw Shake
    • 3.4
      Ontogeny of Stereotypic Movements
    • 3.5
      Central Pattern Generator(s)
  • 4
    Afferent Controls
    • 4.1
      Proprioceptive Control
    • 4.2
      Cutaneous Control
    • 4.3
      Mechanisms of Reflex Modulation
  • 5
    Supraspinal Control
    • 5.1
      Initiation of Locomotion
    • 5.2
      Posture and Corrections
  • 6
    Concluding Remarks