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Pulmonary Hemodynamics and Fluid Exchange in the Lungs During Exercise

Handbook of Physiology, Exercise: Regulation and Integration of Multiple Systems

  1. John T. Reeves1,
  2. Aubrey E. Taylor2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp120113

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Reeves, J. T. and Taylor, A. E. 2011. Pulmonary Hemodynamics and Fluid Exchange in the Lungs During Exercise. Comprehensive Physiology. 585–613.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, Developmental Lung Biology Laboratory, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado

  2. 2

    Department of Physiology, University of South Alabama School of Medicine, Mobile, Alabama

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Pressures and Flows in the Human Lung Circulation
    • 1.1
      Historical Notes
    • 1.2
      Human Data
    • 1.3
      Arterial, Intrathoracic, and Left Heart Pressures
    • 1.4
      Wedge and Pulmonary Arterial Pressures
    • 1.5
      Arteriovenous Pressure Gradient (Driving Pressure)
    • 1.6
      Exercise and Compliance in Large Pulmonary Arteries
  • 2
    Hemodynamics During Exercise in Animals
    • 2.1
      Sheep
    • 2.2
      Dogs
    • 2.3
      Horses
  • 3
    Lung Fluid Exchange
    • 3.1
      General Concepts
    • 3.2
      Factors that Oppose Edema Formation
    • 3.3
      Edema Safety Factors in Lung
    • 3.4
      Lung Microvascular Fluid Exchange
    • 3.5
      Fluid Drainage Patterns in Lung Tissue
    • 3.6
      Effects of Intra-alveolar Edema on Gas Exchange
  • 4
    Fluid Exchange in Exercising Animal Models
  • 5
    Lung Fluid Exchange in Exercising Humans
    • 5.1
      Increases in Microvascular Pressures
    • 5.2
      Microvascular Stress Failure in Exercise
  • 6
    Conclusions