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Cardiac Output During Exercise: Contributions of the Cardiac, Circulatory, and Respiratory Systems

Handbook of Physiology, Exercise: Regulation and Integration of Multiple Systems

  1. Joseph S. Janicki1,
  2. Don D. Sheriff2,
  3. James L. Robotham3,
  4. Robert A. Wise4

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp120115

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Janicki, J. S., Sheriff, D. D., Robotham, J. L. and Wise, R. A. 2011. Cardiac Output During Exercise: Contributions of the Cardiac, Circulatory, and Respiratory Systems. Comprehensive Physiology. 649–704.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama

  2. 2

    Division of Cardiovascular Research, St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts

  3. 3

    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

  4. 4

    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Intrinsic Properties of the Heart
    • 1.1
      Heart Rate (Exercise Response)
    • 1.2
      Stroke Volume (Exercise Response)
    • 1.3
      Determinants of Stroke Volume
  • 2
    Coupling of the Heart and Peripheral Circulation
    • 2.1
      Coupling of Left Ventricle to Arterial System
    • 2.2
      Ventricular Filling Pressure
    • 2.3
      Relation Between Cardiac Output and Filling Pressure at Rest
    • 2.4
      Relation Between Cardiac Output and Right Atrial Pressure in Dynamic Exercise
  • 3
    Respiratory System
    • 3.1
      Effects of Exercise on Respiratory Mechanics
    • 3.2
      Systemic Venous Return
    • 3.3
      Right Ventricular Output
    • 3.4
      Pulmonary Venous Return
    • 3.5
      Left Ventricular Output
    • 3.6
      Implications of Ventilatory Stresses during Exercise