Standard Article

Influence of Exercise on Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism

Handbook of Physiology, Exercise: Regulation and Integration of Multiple Systems

  1. Michael J. Rennie

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp120122

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Rennie, M. J. 2011. Influence of Exercise on Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism. Comprehensive Physiology. 995–1035.

Author Information

  1. Department of Anatomy & Physiology, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011


The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    General Aspects of Amino Acid and Protein Metabolism in Muscle
    • 1.1
      Amino Acid Transport and the Free Amino Acid Pool
    • 1.2
      Outline of the Metabolism of Amino Acids in Muscle in Relation to Exercise
    • 1.3
      Interrelationship of BCAA, Alanine, and Glutamine Metabolism
    • 1.4
      The Purine Nucleotide Cycle in Muscle
    • 1.5
      Amino Acid Catabolism and Gluconeogenesis from Amino Acids in Liver and Kidney
    • 1.6
      Training Effects on the Capacities of Muscle Enzymes of Amino Acid Metabolism
    • 1.7
      The Effects of Contractile Activity on Ammonia Production and its Relation to the Free Amino Acid Pool
    • 1.8
      Alterations of Muscle and Blood Amino Acid Concentrations during Exercise
    • 1.9
      Production and Consumption of Amino Acids by Muscle during Exercise
    • 1.10
      Effects of Training on Amino Acid Metabolism during Exercise
    • 1.11
      Interrelationships between Working Muscle and the Viscera during Exercise
  • 2
    Protein Turnover During Exercise
    • 2.1
      Effects of Acute Contractile Activity on Protein Turnover
    • 2.2
      Postexercise Alterations in Muscle Protein Synthesis
    • 2.3
      Effects of Habitual Exercise on Whole-Body Protein Turnover
    • 2.4
      Effects of Immobilization and Disuse
    • 2.5
      Collagen Turnover in Muscle
    • 2.6
      Physical Activity and Protein Requirements
    • 2.7
      Outstanding Questions