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Vertebrate Cardiovascular Systems

Handbook of Physiology, Comparative Physiology

  1. W. Burggren1,
  2. A. Farrell2,
  3. H. Lillywhite3

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp130104

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Burggren, W., Farrell, A. and Lillywhite, H. 2011. Vertebrate Cardiovascular Systems. Comprehensive Physiology. 215–308.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada

  2. 2

    Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada

  3. 3

    Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Diversity of Vertebrate Cardiovascular Patterns
    • 1.1
      Vertebrate Origins and Driving Forces behind Cardiovascular Evolution
    • 1.2
      Cardiovascular Patterns in Vertebrates
  • 2
    Functional Properties of Vertebrate Hearts
    • 2.1
      Overview
    • 2.2
      Electrical Properties of Cardiac Cells
    • 2.3
      Excitation–Contraction Coupling
    • 2.4
      Mechanical Properties of Cardiac Muscle
    • 2.5
      Cardiac Output and Cardiac Performance
    • 2.6
      Coronary Circulations, Myocardial O2 Consumption, and Myocardial O2 Supply
  • 3
    Peripheral Circulation and Hemodynamics
    • 3.1
      Arterial Blood Pressure and Its Regulation
    • 3.2
      Blood Volume and Its Regulation
  • 4
    Cardiovascular Performance Under Special Conditions
    • 4.1
      Aerobic Exercise
    • 4.2
      Breath Holding and Diving
    • 4.3
      Reduced Metabolism
    • 4.4
      Digestive State
    • 4.5
      Responses to Gravity
    • 4.6
      Development of Cardiovascular Systems
  • 5
    Conclusions and Future Directions
    • 5.1
      Mechanistic Unknowns
    • 5.2
      Adaptive Unknowns
    • 5.3
      Integrative Unknowns
    • 5.4
      Developmental Unknowns