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Vertebrate Hemoglobins

Handbook of Physiology, Comparative Physiology

  1. Rolf L. Ingermann

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp130106

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Ingermann, R. L. 2011. Vertebrate Hemoglobins. Comprehensive Physiology. 357–408.

Author Information

  1. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Homotrophic and Heterotrophic Interactions
    • 1.1
      Carbon Dioxide and Protons
    • 1.2
      Organic Phosphates
    • 1.3
      Sensitivity to Bicarbonate
    • 1.4
      Chloride
    • 1.5
      Acclimation and Extraerythrocytic Factors Influencing Oxygen Affinity through Heterotrophic Interactions
  • 2
    Hemoglobin Structure
    • 2.1
      Agnatha
    • 2.2
      Hemoglobin Heterogeneity
    • 2.3
      Possible Physiological Significance of Hemoglobin Heterogeneity
    • 2.4
      Other Possible Roles for Hemoglobin Heterogeneity
    • 2.5
      Additional Bases of Apparent Hemoglobin Heterogeneity
    • 2.6
      Association of Tetramers
  • 3
    Functional Adaptations in Hemoglobins
    • 3.1
      Scaling
    • 3.2
      Changes in Hemoglobins during Ontogeny
    • 3.3
      Adaptation to Temperature
    • 3.4
      Adaptation to Hypoxia
    • 3.5
      Diving Animals
  • 4
    Functional Adaptations: Adaptations Restricted to Specific Vertebrate Groups
    • 4.1
      Urea Insensitivity
    • 4.2
      Root Effect Hemoglobins
  • 5
    Conclusion