Standard Article

Invertebrate Respiratory Systems

Handbook of Physiology, Comparative Physiology

  1. Peter J. Mill

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp130214

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Mill, P. J. 2011. Invertebrate Respiratory Systems. Comprehensive Physiology. 1009–1096.

Author Information

  1. Department of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, England

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments
  • 2
    Interstitial Environments: Burrows and Tubes
  • 3
    External Gills
    • 3.1
      Annelida
    • 3.2
      Mollusca
    • 3.3
      Arthropoda
    • 3.4
      Echinodermata
  • 4
    Respiratory Currents
    • 4.1
      Annelida
    • 4.2
      Mollusca
    • 4.3
      Arthropoda
    • 4.4
      Echinodermata
  • 5
    Respiratory Chambers
    • 5.1
      Annelida
    • 5.2
      Mollusca
    • 5.3
      Arthropoda
    • 5.4
      Echinodermata
  • 6
    Open Tracheal Systems
    • 6.1
      Ventilatory Pumping Movements
    • 6.2
      Spiracular Movements
  • 7
    Autoventilation
  • 8
    Morphology of Gas Gills
    • 8.1
      Temporary (Compressible) Gas Gills
    • 8.2
      Permanent (Incompressible) Gas Gills
  • 9
    Functioning of Gas Gills
    • 9.1
      Temporary (Compressible) Gas Gills
    • 9.2
      Permanent (Incompressible) Gas Gills
  • 10
    Gaseous Exchange Without an Open Tracheal System
  • 11
    Motor Output
    • 11.1
      Abdominal Ventilation in Insects
    • 11.2
      Coupling between Spiracular Movements and Abdominal Ventilation
    • 11.3
      Gill Retraction and Protraction
    • 11.4
      Scaphognathite Depression and Levation
    • 11.5
      Molluscan Respiratory Chambers
  • 12
    Control of Ventilation
    • 12.1
      Command Interneurons
    • 12.2
      Local Control Centers
    • 12.3
      The Pacemaker
    • 12.4
      Coordinating Interneurons
    • 12.5
      Sensory Modulation