Standard Article

Invertebrate Blood Oxygen Carriers

Handbook of Physiology, Comparative Physiology

  1. Charlotte P. Mangum

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp130215

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Mangum, C. P. 2011. Invertebrate Blood Oxygen Carriers. Comprehensive Physiology. 1097–1135.

Author Information

  1. Department of Biology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    The Red Blood Cell Hemoglobins
    • 1.1
      Distribution and Localization
    • 1.2
      Molecular Structure
    • 1.3
      Respiratory Properties
    • 1.4
      Physiological Functions
  • 2
    The Hemerythrins
    • 2.1
      Distribution and Location
    • 2.2
      Molecular Structure
    • 2.3
      Respiratory Properties
    • 2.4
      Physiological Functions
  • 3
    The Extracellular Heme Proteins
    • 3.1
      Nematodes
    • 3.2
      Nemertines
    • 3.3
      Annelids, Pogonophorans, and Vestimentiferans
    • 3.4
      Molluscs
    • 3.5
      Arthropods
  • 4
    The Molluscan Hemocyanins
    • 4.1
      Distribution and Location
    • 4.2
      Molecular Structure
    • 4.3
      Respiratory Properties
    • 4.4
      Physiological Performance
  • 5
    The Arthropod Hemocyanins
    • 5.1
      Distribution and Location
    • 5.2
      Quaternary Structure
    • 5.3
      Molecular Relationships
    • 5.4
      Oxygen Carrying Capacity
    • 5.5
      Oxygen Binding Properties
    • 5.6
      Physiological Performance
  • 6
    Are There Unknown Functions of the Oxygen Carriers?
  • 7
    Conclusions