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Adaptations to Variations in Oxygen Tension by Vertebrates and Invertebrates

Handbook of Physiology, Comparative Physiology

  1. Peter L. Lutz1,
  2. Kenneth B. Storey2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/cphy.cp130221

Comprehensive Physiology

Comprehensive Physiology

How to Cite

Lutz, P. L. and Storey, K. B. 2011. Adaptations to Variations in Oxygen Tension by Vertebrates and Invertebrates. Comprehensive Physiology. 1479–1522.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida

  2. 2

    Departments of Biology and Chemistry, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2011

Abstract

The sections in this article are:

  • 1
    Variations in Gas Tensions: Air and Water
  • 2
    Oxygen and Life
  • 3
    Respiratory Adaptations: Air Breathers
    • 3.1
      High Altitude
    • 3.2
      Borrowers
    • 3.3
      Breath-Hold Divers
  • 4
    Water Breathers
    • 4.1
      Gas Tensions
    • 4.2
      Open Ocean
    • 4.3
      Intertidal and fresh Waters
  • 5
    Anoxic Survival
    • 5.1
      Anoxic Brain Death
    • 5.2
      Anoxic Brain Survival
  • 6
    Biochemical Adaptations
    • 6.1
      Types of Oxygen Limitation
    • 6.2
      Patterns of Metabolic Responses to Reduced Oxygen Availability
    • 6.3
      Anaerobic ATP Production
    • 6.4
      Metabolic Arrest