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Keywords:

  • CdS;
  • hollow spheres;
  • nanostructures;
  • photocatalysis;
  • photodegradation

Abstract

The monodisperse, flowerlike CdS hollow spheres have been successfully synthesized by employing sulfur as the sulfate sources from a solution of H4SiW12O40 (SiW12) in ethanol through UV irradiation. The SiW12 that serves as photocatalyst plays a very important role on the synthesis of CdS crystals. The morphologies of the synthesized CdS crystals could be controlled by adjusting experimental parameters, such as initial precursor ratios, reaction time, and concentration of reagents. The possible mechanism of formation for the CdS nanostructures is proposed based on the experimental results. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area of the CdS hollow spheres calculated from the N2 adsorption isotherm is 175.8 m2 g−1, which is much larger than the value reported in previous reports. The optical properties of CdS hollow structures have also been studied. Importantly, the CdS hollow nanostructures have extraordinary photocatalytic activity for the photodegradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under irradiation with visible light.