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Interfacial and Film-Formation Behaviour of Photoactive RuII–Bipyridyl-Based Metallosurfactants and a Rare Example of a Monolayer-Based Logic-Gate Approach

Authors

  • Prasenjit Mahato,

    1. Analytical Discipline and Centralized Instrument Facility, Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSIR), Bhavnagar, 364002, Gujarat (India), Fax: (+91) 278-2656762
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  • Sukdeb Saha,

    1. Analytical Discipline and Centralized Instrument Facility, Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSIR), Bhavnagar, 364002, Gujarat (India), Fax: (+91) 278-2656762
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  • Dr. Sipra Choudhury,

    Corresponding author
    1. Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, Mumbai, 400085 (India)
    • Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, Mumbai, 400085 (India)
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  • Dr. Amitava Das

    Corresponding author
    1. Analytical Discipline and Centralized Instrument Facility, Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSIR), Bhavnagar, 364002, Gujarat (India), Fax: (+91) 278-2656762
    • Analytical Discipline and Centralized Instrument Facility, Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSIR), Bhavnagar, 364002, Gujarat (India), Fax: (+91) 278-2656762
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Abstract

Three derivatives of tris(bipyridyl)–ruthenium(II) complexes with different alkyl-chain lengths (nC18H37 (1), nC14H29 (2) and nC10H21 (3)) were synthesised. All these complexes behaved as an amphiphile and their surface properties were studied at the air–water interface by measuring surface pressure–area (ΠA) isotherms. The surface morphology of the resulting films at the air–water interface was also studied by using Brewster angle microscopy. Mean molecular areas of these complexes were measured from the ΠA isotherms, which were approximately 200 Å2, thereby indicating a parallel arrangement of the Ru–bipyridyl moiety of the complexes. Mono- and multilayer Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) films were formed on different solid surfaces with transfer ratios close to one. Similarities in the absorption and fluorescence spectra of these amphiphiles in solution as well as in LB films deposited on a quartz surface confirmed the successful transfer of these films onto the substrates. The latter provided information about the arrangements of metallosurfactant molecules within the LB films. The two-dimensional concentrations of these films were calculated from the Lambert–Beer law as well as from the ΠA isotherm, which confirmed regular and reproducible transfer of the complex monolayers from the air–water interface onto the quartz surface. The surface morphology of these films on various substrates was characterised by atomic force microscopy. Furthermore, by oxidising the monolayer of complex 3, a one-input sequential logic gate was constructed.

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