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Synthesis of Water-Soluble, Multicolored Fluorescent ZnxCd1−xSe Quantum Dots for Developing Latent Fingerprints

Authors

  • Xuejiao Yu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 10-64434898
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  • Shengli Zuo,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 10-64434898
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  • Hai Xiong,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 10-64434898
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  • Yingchun Yu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 10-64434898
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  • Prof. Jianjun Liu,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 10-64434898
    • State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 10-64434898
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  • Prof. Ruiqin Yang

    1. Department of Forensic Science, Chinese People's Security University, Beijing 100038 (P. R. China)
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Abstract

Water-soluble ZnxCd1−xSe quantum dots (QDs) with different amounts of Cd dopant are synthesized with 3-mercaptopropionic acid as a modifier under ambient conditions. Hydrazine hydrate is used as the surface stabilizer and pH adjuster during preparation. The effect of dopant amount, initial pH values, and heating time on the fluorescence properties are systematically studied. Based on the emission wavelength shift of ZnxCd1−xSe QDs from 430 to 578 nm, the colors of these QDs are adjustable from blue to orange. This adjustment is beneficial for developing sweat fingerprints on scotch tape. Fresh blood fingerprints on foil, ceramic tile, black plastic, scotch tape, and old bloody fingerprints on black ceramic tile are developed by the QDs. The results show that Zn0.77Cd0.23Se QDs (calculated composition; measured composition: Zn0.83Cd0.17Se) are the most effective material for developing blood fingerprints and is even superior to the traditional tetramethylbenzidine reagent.

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