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Keywords:

  • borazine;
  • density functional calculations;
  • electrophilic substitution;
  • isoelectronic analogues;
  • structure elucidation

Abstract

The alternation of the B[BOND]N bonds in the central borazine ring of the overcrowded 1,2:3,4:5,6-tris(biphenylylene)borazine (2 a) and its tribromo derivative (2 g) is investigated by computational methods and compared with their experimentally obtained crystal structures. The calculations are performed with a meta-generalized-gradient-approximation (GGA) density functional (Tao–Perdew–Staroverov–Scuseria (TPSS)) without and with dispersion corrections, including Becke–Johnson damping, in conjunction with a polarized triple-ζ basis set. These data show a small bond-length alternation (BLA) of around 0.01 Å in 2 a and 2 g. This outcome is in good agreement with X-ray diffraction data for 2 g, but at variance with earlier X-ray diffraction measurements that gave a BLA of 0.06 Å for 2 a. A re-investigation of the crystal structure of 2 a reveals a positional disorder that precludes a discussion of the B[BOND]N bond lengths. The synthesis of 2 g is the first example of an electrophilic aromatic substitution of an aryl borazine with elemental bromine. Successful bromination was also demonstrated for hexaphenylborazine.