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Keywords:

  • differential mobility spectroscopy;
  • isotopic labeling;
  • peptide quantification;
  • proton transfer;
  • trimethylation

Abstract

Isotopic labeling of peptides by trimethylation creates a charged quaternary amine group on the peptide that provides clear differentiation from unlabeled protonated peptides and protonated or sodiated chemical background. Differential mobility spectrometry, with its use of a chemical modifier, allows otherwise undesirable ion/molecule reactions in the mobility cell to increase selectivity and sensitivity of quantitative peptide analysis. A high proton affinity modifier selectively removes protonated and sodiated interference and background ions by proton and sodium transfer, while leaving the trimethylated ions with their quaternary amine groups unchanged.