• click chemistry;
  • copper;
  • luminescence;
  • N ligands;
  • Ullmann reaction


The reaction of bis- or tris-chelating nitrogen-containing ligands (L1–L5) with CuI gave rise to five coordination complexes consisting of Cu2I2 dimeric units. L1 in complex 1 adopts a cis conformation and links Cu2I2 into a dinuclear structure. L2 and L3 in complexes 2 and 3 exhibit a trans conformation, and the alternative linkage of L2 or L3 and Cu2I2 results in the formation of a 1D chain. In complex 4, two pyrazolyl-pyridine units of L4 at the same side of the central phenyl ring are connected to Cu2I2 forming a tetranuclear macrocycle, and the third pyrazolyl-pyridine unit at the other side of the central phenyl ring further links the macrocycle into a 1D chain. L5 bridges Cu2I2 in a cis conformation forming a tetranuclear complex, which is very different from 1 owing to the difference of the electronic property between pyrazolyl and triazolyl rings. The coordination nitrogen atoms in two pairs of ortho-positioned nitrogen-containing chelating rings in L1 and L5 are directed toward opposite and the same directions, respectively. Complexes 14 containing pyrazolyl-pyridine units showed luminescence whereas no clear emission was observed in complex 5 containing triazolyl-pyridine units, despite the fact that they were investigated under the same conditions. The application of complexes 15 in the copper(I)-catalyzed Ullmann cross-coupling reaction and azide–alkyne cycloaddition reaction was preliminarily evaluated.