Water-Soluble Ionic Palladium Complexes: Effect of Pendant Ionic Groups on Palladium Nanoparticles and Suzuki–Miyaura Reaction in Neat Water

Authors

  • Dr. Liuyi Li,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Coal to Ethylene Glycol and Its Related Technology, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 591-83711028
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  • Dr. Tao Wu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Coal to Ethylene Glycol and Its Related Technology, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 591-83711028
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  • Dr. Jinyun Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Coal to Ethylene Glycol and Its Related Technology, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 591-83711028
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  • Prof. Dr. Ruihu Wang

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Coal to Ethylene Glycol and Its Related Technology, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 591-83711028
    • State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Coal to Ethylene Glycol and Its Related Technology, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 591-83711028

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Abstract

Three ionic nitrogen-containing chelating ligands (L1L3) are synthesized readily through alkylation and quaternization of 2,2′-dipyridylamine. The charge distributions and natural bond orbital analyses of their cations are implemented by using density functional theory calculations. The catalytic performances of their water-soluble palladium complexes are evaluated preliminarily by using the Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reaction, and high catalytic activities of aryl bromides and chlorides are achieved in neat water. The mercury drop test, poison experiments, and TEM analysis are used to demonstrate the formation of palladium nanoparticles (NPs) after the catalytic reaction. The effects of pendant ionic groups in L1L3 on the catalytic activities and structures of the palladium NPs are disclosed. These NPs are stable in water for several weeks; they are stabilized by synergetic interactions between the chelating coordination of the 2,2′-dipyridylamino group to the surface of the palladium NPs and the electrostatic repulsion of the ionic groups in L1L3.

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