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Access to Ultra-High-Molecular Weight Poly(ethylene) and Activity Boost in the Presence of Cyclopentene With Group 4 Bis-Amido Complexes

Authors

  • Dr. Gurram Venkata Narayana,

    1. Institut für Polymerchemie, Lehrstuhl für Makromolekulare Stoffe und Faserchemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany), Fax: (+49) 711-685-64050
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  • Guangjuan Xu,

    1. Institut für Polymerchemie, Lehrstuhl für Makromolekulare Stoffe und Faserchemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany), Fax: (+49) 711-685-64050
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  • Dr. Dongren Wang,

    1. Institut für Polymerchemie, Lehrstuhl für Makromolekulare Stoffe und Faserchemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany), Fax: (+49) 711-685-64050
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  • Dr. Wolfgang Frey,

    1. Institut für Organische Chemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)
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  • Prof. Dr. Michael R. Buchmeiser

    Corresponding author
    1. Institut für Polymerchemie, Lehrstuhl für Makromolekulare Stoffe und Faserchemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany), Fax: (+49) 711-685-64050
    2. Institut für Textilchemie und Chemiefasern (ITCF), Körschtalstrasse 26, 73770 Denkendorf (Germany)
    • Institut für Polymerchemie, Lehrstuhl für Makromolekulare Stoffe und Faserchemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany), Fax: (+49) 711-685-64050

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Abstract

ZrIV complexes of the type [Me2Si{(NR)(6-{2-(diethylboryl)phenyl}pyridyl-2-yl-N)}ZrCl2⋅thf] (R=tBu (4), adamantyl (7 a); thf=tetrahydrofuran), [Me2Si{(NAd)(6-{2-(diphenylboryl)phenyl}pyridyl-2-yl-N)}ZrCl2] (Ad=adamantyl (7 b)), the nonbridged half-titanocene complexes of the type [(N-{6-(2-diethylborylphenyl)pyrid-2-yl}-NR)Cp′TiCl2] (R=Me, Cp′=C5H5 (12), Cp′=C5Me5 (13)), and the titanium(IV)-based metallocene-type complex [bis{N-(6-{2-(diethylboryl)phenyl}pyrid-2-yl)NMe}TiCl2] (14) have been synthesized. The structures of complexes 7 b, 12, and 13 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In solution, complex 4 slowly rearranges to [Me2Si{(N-tBu)(6-{2-(diethylboryl)phenyl}pyridyl-2-yl-N)}2Zr] (4 a), the structure of which was unambiguously confirmed by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Similarly, reaction of HfCl4 with Me2Si({RNLi}{6-[2-(diethylboryl)phenyl]pyridyl-2-ylNLi}) yielded the corresponding HfIV complexes [Me2Si{(NR)(6-{2-(diethylboryl)phenyl}pyridyl-2-ylN)}2Hf] (R=tBu (8) and Ad (9)). Upon activation of these complexes with methylalumoxane (MAO), complexes 4, 7 a, 7 b, and 1214 showed activities up to 750 kg of polyethylene (PE)/molcat. bar h in the homopolymerization of ethylene (E), producing mainly linear PE (high-density PE, HDPE) with molecular weights in the range of 1 800 000<Mn<4×106 g mol−1. In the copolymerization of E with cyclopentene (CPE), the polymerization activities of complexes 4, 7 a, and 7 b can be enhanced by a factor of 140 up to 7500 kg PE/molcat. bar h, which produced PE-co-poly(CPE) containing 3.5 mol % of CPE. This dramatic increase in polymerization activity for E in the presence of CPE can be attributed to an involvement of CPE in the polymerization process rather than to solvent polarity.

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