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Keywords:

  • antitumor agents;
  • in vitro studies;
  • in vivo studies;
  • metalla-assemblies;
  • sandwich complexes

Abstract

Two hexacationic pentamethylcyclopentadienyl rhodium(III) and iridium(III) metalla-prisms, [(η5-C5Me5)6M63-tpt-κN)24-C6HRO4O)3]6+ (tpt=2,4,6-tri-(pyridin-4-yl)-1,3,5-triazine; R=(CH2)10CH3; M=Rh, [3]6+; M=Ir, [4]6+) isolated as their triflate salts, have been synthesised from the dinuclear complexes (η5-C5Me5)2M24-C6HRO4O)Cl2 (M=Rh, 1; M=Ir, 2) and AgCF3SO3. The antiproliferative activity of the neutral and cationic complexes has been evaluated in vitro in human cancer cell lines. The positively charged metalla-prisms appear to target mitochondria, which ultimately induce apoptosis in cancer cells. All biological studies suggest that the rhodium derivative [3][CF3SO3]6 possesses excellent activities, not only in vitro but also in vivo in tumour-induced C57L6/J mice.