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Keywords:

  • agent-based simulation;
  • N-person games;
  • cooperation;
  • Game of Life

Abstract

We report computer simulation experiments based on our agent-based simulation tool to model a new N-person game based on John Conway's Game of Life. The individual agents may choose between two behavior options: cooperation or defection. The payoff (reward/penalty) functions are given as two parabolas: one for each option. After a certain number of iterations, the behavior of the agents stabilizes to either a constant value or oscillates around such a value. The simulation's goal is to investigate the effects of intermediate behavior on a society of agents. We have performed a systematic investigation of this game for all six possible cases of the mutual positions of parabolic payoff functions crossing each other at two points: x = 0.3 and 0.7 where x is the ratio of the cooperation choice to the total number of agents in the agent's neighborhood. The global ratios X(t) of the total number of cooperators in the entire array of agents as functions of time (iterations) and the solutions of the game Xfinal as functions of X0 were observed for each case for Pavlovian, greedy, and conformist agents. The solutions have predictable tendencies only when the neighborhood is the entire array of greedy or conformist agents. In all other cases unexpected properties emerge. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Complexity, 2010