Rapid growth of KDP crystal from aqueous solutions with additives and its optical studies



Potassium Chloride (KCl) and Ethylene diamine tetraacetie acid (EDTA) as new additives were added into the KDP solutions in a small amount (5M% and 0.01M% respectively). The solubility curve and metastable zone width of KDP solution with 5M%KCl was determined and we explained the mechanism of rapid growth of KDP crystal with KCl additve. The clear transparent crystal of KDP with a dimension of 54 × 54 × 42 mm have been grown rapidly by cooling solution method in 2 days. The crystal grown from additives added solution was subjected to optical transmission and laser damage threshold studies as compared with the crystal grown by traditional growing method. (© 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)