Optical properties of non-centrosymmetric mixed crystals K2(La1-xCex)(NO3)5 · 2 H2O (x = 0.0 – 1.0)

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Abstract

Large single crystals of optical quality of the non-centrosymmetric orthorhombic potassium rare earth nitrate mixed crystals K2(La1–xCex)(NO3)5 · 2 H2O were grown at 38 °C from diluted HNO3. For crystals with x = 0.0, 0.19, 0.38 and 0.66 refractive indices and their dispersion were determined with an error less than 1 · 10–4 in the wavelength range 0.404 – 1.083 μm by the prism method. Phase matching conditions for collinear SHG frequency conversion were analysed in detail, including calculation of the effective nonlinear optical susceptibility. By an appropriate choice of the fraction x of cerium the mixed crystals K2(La1–xCex)(NO3)5 · 2 H2O allow an adjustment of non-critical type I phase matching conditions to a desired wavelength of the fundamental wave within the range 1.055(4) – 1.107(6) μm. Non-critical type II phase matching can be tuned in the wavelength range 0.949(2) – 0.931(2) μm. (© 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

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