Characterization and growth of CdS nanoparticles by a cost effective chemical reduction method



A simple chemical reduction method is followed to grow CdS nanoparticles at room temperature with different duration of time. The grown samples are ultrasonicated in ethanol. The dispersed samples are characterized using electron diffraction techniques. Simultaneously optical absorption, photoluminescence and longtime photorelaxation of these samples are studied at room temperature. An increase in band gap is observed in each case as compared to bulk CdS. Also particle size increases with increase of growth time and hence there is decrease of band gap with increase of growth duration. Simultaneously long time relaxation increases with increase of growth time. An attempt is made to correlate the structural, optical, electrical and opto-electrical properties. (© 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)