Ken Wilber's Integral Theory applied to mediation



Integral Theory is a metatheory developed by American philosopher Ken Wilber to include and contextualize all existing knowledge. This article uses Wilber's concepts of quadrants and levels to understand the goals and theoretical assumptions of six mediation approaches: evaluative, facilitative, humanistic, narrative, systemic, and transformative. The contributions to mediation from the modern, postmodern, and integral (post-postmodern) levels of development are described. Some ways to recognize the diverse levels of mediation participants are offered, and several implications for mediators of Integral Theory are explored.