Palladium Catalysts for Highly Selective Sonogashira Reactions of Aryl and Heteroaryl Bromides



Palladium catalysts have been studied for the Sonogashira–Hagihara coupling of aryl and heteroaryl bromides with terminal alkynes. Among the different biarylphosphines tested, 2-(di-tert-butylphosphino)-N-phenylindole (cataCXium PIntb) allows the efficient coupling of both activated and deactivated (hetero)aryl bromides in the presence of sodium tetrachloropalladate in tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA) at 80 °C. The catalyst system gives high turnover numbers (up to 14 100) and shows a broad tolerance towards functional groups such as OH and NH2, as well as heterocycles.